Am J Hypertens ; 1 : 84— The standard DASH diet meets the recommendation from the Dietary Guidelines for Americans to keep daily sodium intake to less than 2, mg a day. Adherence to and population impact of non-pharmacological and pharmacological antihypertensive therapy. Accessed April 4, Top of the page Actionset. Explore now. Data from five individuals with multiple extreme outlying values, likely nonphysiologic, were removed from analyses. There is increasing evidence that a higher protein intake may have beneficial effects on bone 45, 46 and may reduce bone loss 47, 48, particularly in the elderly and those consuming adequate calcium levels 49 — Improved sodium excretion, modulation of the function of the sympathetic nervous system, increased sensitivity to the vasodilatory action of nitric oxide, and decreased production of superoxide and vasoconstrictor prostanoids have been implicated in the antihypertensive effect of increased calcium intake. Effects on left ventricular hypertrophy of long-term nonpharmacological treatment with sodium restriction in mild-to-moderate essential hypertension. Acidosis may also inhibit osteoblast function and increase osteoclast activity, thus limiting bone formation and increasing bone loss
Thank you for visiting nature. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer. By contrast, the present average potassium, calcium, and magnesium intakes are remarkably lower than the recommended intake levels DRI. There is convincing evidence, which indicates that this imbalance, that is, the high intake of sodium on one hand and the low intakes of potassium, calcium, and magnesium on the other hand, produce and maintain elevated blood pressure in a big proportion of the population. Decreased intakes of sodium alone, and increased intakes of potassium, calcium, and magnesium each alone decrease elevated blood pressure. A combination of all these factors, that is, decrease of sodium, and increase of potassium, calcium, and magnesium intakes, which are characteristic of the so-called Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diets, has an excellent blood pressure lowering effect. For the prevention and basic treatment of elevated blood pressure, various methods to decrease the intake of sodium and to increase the intakes of potassium, calcium, and magnesium should be comprehensively applied in the communities. Such pricing and claim methods would help the consumers to choose healthier food alternatives, and make composition improvements tempting also for the food industry.
Taking calcium, potassium, and magnesium supplements doesn’t have the same effect as eating foods that are high in those nutrients. New, S. Decreased intake of sodium alone, and increased intakes of potassium, calcium, and magnesium each alone decrease elevated blood pressure. The effect of dietary approaches to stop hypertension DASH on serum inflammatory markers: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials. Surprisingly, sodium intake did not affect bone turnover in the control diet group, despite a difference in PTH and urinary calcium levels when subjects consumed the lower and higher sodium diets. Decrease of salt intake, and lowering of the population blood pressure, and decrease of mortality from both stroke and ischaemic heart disease in Finland. Credits Current as of: December 15, Skip Nav Destination Article Navigation. Our results are presented in terms of sodium levels, which may make it seem as if the decrease in bone resorption and formation markers happened concurrently.